Material Science Changing the Face of Manufacturing

By Dick Slansky

ARC Report Abstract


When thinking about the fundamental importance of basic materials, just consider the significance of the Stone, Bronze, and Iron Ages to human civilization.  Each new era was brought about by a new material and steady progress in discovering new methods and techniques for improving and perfecting materials.  Iron and steel, the defining materials enabling the emergence of the industrial age of the 17th century, allowed British engineers to fulfill their dreams of creating suspension bridges, railways, steam engines, and passenger liners.

And while the 20th century is often hailed as the “Information Age,” and rightly so, this was largely made possible by the breakthrough in materials science that led to the creation of the silicon chip.  A myriad of other new materials contributed to modern living and society at large.  Architects took mass-produced sheet glass and combined it with structural steel to produce skyscrapers that ushered in a new type of city life and landscape.  Plastics and polymers, which transformed our workplaces, homes, and clothing, touch every facet of our lives.  The development of aluminum and titanium alloys enable us to fly across continents and oceans, effectively reducing the size of the planet and supporting globalization.  Today’s medical and dental ceramics, titanium, and other advanced materials allow us to rebuild our bodies and redefine disability and aging.

Material Science Leverages Technologies

Today’s material science research and development leverages technologies such as 3D virtual modeling and simulation that allow researchers to understand and build new materials at the atomic level. Because materials are composed of atoms, materials scientists cannot ignore the governing rules of physics described by quantum mechanics.

material science - Next-generation Composite Car Body dsmaterial%20science.PNG

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Keywords: Simulation Platforms, 3D Molecular Simulation, Atomic Level Simulation, Exotic Alloys, Generative Design, Additive Manufacturing, ARC Advisory Group.


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