Jumping to the Next Level in Emission Standards: Is India Ready?

By Sharada Prahladrao

ARC Report Abstract

Adherence to global emission standards is necessary to control and reduce pollution levels, which directly and indirectly impacts the well-being of people and the environment.  Statistics reveal that India has the most polluted cities in the world.  Thirty cities in India figure in the Top 100 Most Polluted Global Cities (in terms of particulate matter PM10) as per data published by the World Health Organization in May 2016.  India’s atmospheric air quality has been adversely impacted by industrial and vehicular emissions.

Improving air quality requires a commitment to integrating clean transport strategies, compelling change in both fuel and technologies.  Recognizing this need, India’s government made a bold move last year to leapfrog from BS-IV (Bharat Stage IV) emission norms to BS-VI norms by April 2020 – entirely skipping BS-V norms.  The BS norms are broadly based on the European regulations (Euro norms), setting specifications/limits for the release of air pollutants from equipment using internal combustion engines, including vehicles.

While on paper this seems a good move, it implies a significant technological development challenge for which the entire ecosystem must scale up.  The two major industries impacted will be oil refineries that will need to make substantial investments to supply fuel types to match the BS-VI standards, and automobile manufacturers that will need to figure out how to produce compliant vehicles.

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Keywords: Pollution, BS-VI Norms, Global Emission Standards, Automotive, Oil Refineries, Ecosystem, ARC Advisory Group.


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