ARC Advisory Group participated in NTPC’s third edition of Global Energy Technology Summit (GETS) 2016, titled “Redefining Power Generation Landscape - The 5R Way.” The theme of this three-day Summit (November 7-9, 2016) hosted in New Delhi is in line with India’s ratification of the United Nation’s Paris Agreement on climate change and a sustainable future . The 5R concept:
- Reduce: Fuel, land, water, materials, manpower, time & cost
- Renewable: Solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, fuel cell etc.
- Reuse: Waste heat, water reuse, ash utilization, land reuse, waste & sewage recycle
- Retrofit: Renovation & modernization for power plants
- Rebuild: New construction technologies, eco-friendly materials, green townships & infrastructure
This concept expounds technologies for environmentally sustainable and economical power generation. Taking forward last year’s conviction to move from Blue globe to green earth, the 5R themes resonated through all the presentations and discussions at GETS 2016.
Distinguished power professionals attended the Summit from all over the world, with representatives from IEA (International Energy Agency) Paris, Government of India officials and various international technological heads. About 145 international experts actively engaged in technology development and deployment interacted with Indian experts, policymakers, and various stakeholders at the Summit. This year, three new sessions were introduced - Make in India: Success Stories, a Student Session, and a Round Table Conference. The first showcased the establishment of manufacturing and testing facilities in India, either through indigenous efforts or by technology transfer from their principals, to manufacture super-critical power plant equipment/components. The second encouraged students to contribute and be a part of the team for low-carbon power generation. And the third, the round table conference, focused on digital transformations for the new power generation landscape. This conference was comprised of the top personnel from NTPC and leading solution providers to the power sector: ABB, Bentley Systems, Emerson Process Management, GE, Siemens, Aveva, and Toshiba. G. Ganapathiraman, Country Manager, ARC Advisory Group, India, moderated the conference.
This Insight provides an overall perspective of the challenges, solutions, and opportunities in India’s power sector. Subsequently, new trends and technologies that emerged at the Summit will be published as industry/technology blogs.
After the dignitaries appreciated the aptness of the theme and how imperative it is to deploy eco-friendly technologies, Anil Kumar Jha, Director (Technical), NTPC addressed an audience of over 800 delegates. His presentation covered the gamut ranging from India’s current power scenario, challenges, opportunities, and projected growth. He spoke about NTPC in the Indian market context and said that although India is likely to meet the long-term IEA projections on energy demand & supply, the current mid-term will see a substantial increase in coal-based generation in addition to renewables.
As per 2014 statistics, the total global installed capacity is 5,699.4 GW – out of which China has 1,223 GW (21.5 percent); USA 1,110 GW (19.5 percent); Japan 311 GW (5.5 percent); and India 306 GW (4.7 percent). According to India’s Ministry of Power, India’s installed power capacity is expected to increase from 306 GW (out of which 44.2 GW comprise renewables) to 546 GW by 2022 and to 746 GW by 2030. By 2017, India is likely to be ranked 3rd globally, in terms of installed capacity.
Under each of the 5Rs shown diagrammatically alongside, Mr. Jha explained how the concept can be effectively utilized to meet the demand for clean, sustainable energy. His summation line says it all “We have only one earth to live on, so we better start taking care of it.”
The salient points of the changing power landscape are:
- 700 to 800 GW of installed capacity will be required by 2030 according to most projections
- Coal-based electricity is expected to contribute more than 75 percent of future electricity demand
- Expansion of reliable grid-based electricity will eventually eliminate the need for captive power
- With currently underutilized power plant capacity, there is an opportunity to meet the Government’s target of providing 24x7 power to all, and also to export the power to neighboring countries
- Besides massive renewable capacity addition targets, there is a need to reduce resources, emissions & effluents; reuse whatever waste cannot be further reduced; retrofit the existing stations to extend their life and improve their performance and retire/rebuild the old stations with more efficient technologies
The inaugural session was followed by a panel discussion on the challenges and opportunities in the shifting energy landscape. Panelists comprised of IEA, Paris; First Solar, USA; GE, Switzerland; Steag, Germany; and from India’s power sector.
Sessions on the second and third day were conducted in two parallel tracks in separate auditoriums. As ARC’s Raman moderated the round table conference on the third day, the spotlight will now shift to this lively, interactive discussion.
Round Table Conference on Digitalization in the Power Sector
Providing a backdrop to the discussions, Mr. Raman spoke about how technologies have evolved.
In the past 30 years, technology changes used to come one after another – Relay>Solid state>Microprocessor>DCS>Advanced DCS and so on. Today, technology changes are occurring rapidly and almost simultaneously - Cloud, SaaS, social media, mobility, 3D scanning and printing, IIoT etc. Industries must embrace digitalization to remain competitive, he emphasized. As per ARC analysis, automation project spend is around 2-4 percent. For example, 2 percent for a fertilizer industry and around 4 percent for the power industry at the investment stage. However, the impact of automation on operations is 15-30 percent – and that is huge. The technology imperative of the power industry in India is to drive sustainable growth while reducing the carbon footprint and pursuing the best possible cost effective technologies to provide efficient, reliable and economically viable energy to support the GDP growth.
The moderator introduced a series of threads on digitalization in the power sector, and the ensuing discussion brought in multiple perspectives. The delegates discussed how digitalization has transformed the power industry, and more specifically how NTPC can deploy new technologies. The discussions were video-conferenced to 16 NTPC sites.
Some suggestions given to NTPC included:
- Predictive analytics can be adopted for existing, ongoing, and new plants after shortlisting the assets, which have to be monitored
- IIoT–based power generation: covering design, engineering, operations and maintenance
- Remote monitoring centers for thermal and solar separately
- Advanced engineering software with 3D walk-through capabilities and CAD integration
Based on NTPC’s decisions, other utility companies are likely to adopt digitalization, making it a national initiative.
Smart Manufacturing/Industrie 4.0
The first industrial revolution was powered by water- and steam-operated machines; the second by electrically powered machines; the third by electronics/IT; and fourth (the current one) by cyber-physical systems. The maturity level of digital in the power industry in India from the industrial revolution standpoint is assessed to be between 3.0 and 4.0. Companies have surpassed electronics/IT; and have made some headway with fieldbus devices like smart positioners/smart transmitters - an extension of IoT, but the consensus was that more understanding of the available technologies and deployment is needed.
Initiatives like Industrie 4.0 in Germany, SMLC (Smart Manufacturing Leadership Coalition) in the US, IIC (Industrial Internet Consortium), and Connected Manufacturing - embody the digital leap of the developed countries. India too has made a beginning by having a center of excellence for IIoT (joint effort of DieTY – Department of Electronics and Information Technology - and NASSCOM). A high degree of standardization is needed to seamlessly integrate systems and software from multiple sources; and however difficult, it needs to be done to remain competitive in a strict, regulatory environment.
Digitalization, the delegates said, is about leveraging existing assets, improving efficiency, analyzing the intersection point between physical and virtual, capturing Big Data – typically 25-35 GB for one unit. While doing this, choice of the platform becomes very important for data analytics, cloud infrastructure and recommendations on auto-manual controls. Automation vendors should be fully involved in the platform selection process; and, the selection should not be done with IT vendors only.
Digital transformation can be seen at all levels, said a participant: industrial product; operations; business model; and aftermarket service. In a connected world, IIoT is a tool that helps organizations perform at optimum levels.
The three-day Summit saw the convergence of a marquee list of the power industry stakeholders: end users, suppliers, national and international agencies, etc. Brainstorming ideas and new technologies in the power sector brought forth a slew of actionable points for all those keenly tracking the trends:
- Digitalization is imperative and there should be different approaches for greenfield and brownfield projects
- Asset performance management needs to be evaluated and introduced
- New plants should adopt integrated engineering, leading to integrated operations; paving the way for Industrie 4.0
- Adding smart sensors to existing motors and other assets will enable asset performance monitoring without disturbing existing control systems
- With NTPC operating around 47 GW and likely to reach 100 GW in the next five to six years, the company must digitalize in a big way
- Since India is expected to grow from 306 GW to 700-800 GW by 2030, adopting digitalization is mandatory for the entire power sector
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Keywords: NTPC GETS 2016, Power Sector, 5R, Round Table Conference, Renewables, Technologies, Make in India, Student Session, ARC Advisory Group.